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Article 52 of the 2001 Law Governing Telecommunications gives the government power over telecommunication networks in the name of ‘national integrity’.

There has been an increase in online censorship, particularly regarding criticism of the government. The BBC’s local language websites have been blocked and a number of other online news outlets have too.

Online news editors have also been told to withhold or delete articles on sensitive topics. There have been significant investments in Rwanda’s ICT sector, which have improved affordability and access. Internet penetration is 18% and mobile penetration is almost at 80%.

Recommendations Received, Cycle 2

Continue strengthening its legislation to eliminate all provisions that undermine freedom of expression

Recommending State: Chile

Take measures to protect journalists from harassment

Recommending State: Norway

Take further steps to promote greater media freedom, including by ensuring that the Rwanda Media Commission becomes a more independent self-regulatory body

Recommending State: Ghana

Respect and protect freedom of expression online and offline, and freedom of assembly and association, including by lifting obstacles regarding the registration and work of NGOs, and by acceding to the first Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Recommending State: Estonia

Earlier Event: May 1