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ETHIOPIA

The government’s monopoly over the telecom sector has resulted in poor infrastructure and an internet penetration rate of 12% and mobile penetration rate of 43%.

The 2016 Computer Crime Proclamation, 2008 Press Law, 2009 Anti-Terrorism Proclamation and 2012 Telecom Fraud Offences Law restrict and contradict constitutional provisions for freedom of expression. According to Freedom House, Ethiopia ranks 4th in terms of internet freedom.

Social media platforms have been blocked several times in order to prevent information about antigovernment protests and police brutality being spread. In addition to this, news websites have been blocked and internet users have been prosecuted for blocking about topics the government dislikes.


Recommendations Received, Cycle 2

Review its legislation to ensure that any limitations on the right to freedom of expression, both online and off-line, are in full compliance with article 19 of ICCPR, in particular by providing for a defence of truth in all defamation cases

Recommending State: Ireland
Status:
Supported

Ensure that journalists and workers in the media can pursue their profession in a free environment which guarantees the rights of freedom of opinion and expression for all persons

Recommending State: Chile
Status:
Supported

Ensure that legitimate acts of political dissent are not criminalized and freedom of opinion, of the media and of assembly are fully respected when applying the Terrorist Act of 2009, in line with the NHRAP

Recommending State: Germany
Status:
Supported

Repeal provisions of the legislation that can be used to criminalize the right to freedom of expression

Recommending State: Slovakia
Status:
Supported

Narrow the definition of terrorist activity within international practice to exclude journalism

Recommending State: Australia
Status:
Noted

Remove vague provisions in the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation that can be used to criminalize the exercise of the right to freedom of expression and association and ensure that criminal prosecutions do not limit the freedom of expression of civil society, opposition politicians and independent media

Recommending State: Sweden
Status:
Noted

Earlier Event: January 21
AFGHANISTAN