UPR Session 31
Review Date: 6 November 2018
Nigeria must guarantee free press and critical opinion online, ensure citizens’ access to information, and uphold privacy and personal data protection.
Pursuant to constitutional guarantees of free speech, Nigeria’s media landscape is diverse, and outlets openly criticise government policies. However, journalists and citizen bloggers find themselves at risk of prosecution under restrictive laws such as the 2015 Cybercrime Act, which has fostered an environment of self-censorship.
Although the 2011 Freedom of Information Act guarantees citizens’ right to information, implementation is patchy. There are wide ranging exemptions to accessible information including those related to“international affairs”and “defence of the country.” Furthermore, authorities do not proactively release information or remain unresponsive to requests, undermining press freedom.
The government of Nigeria supported 86% of the 334 recommendations they received during their 1st and 2nd cycle UPR sessions.
The number of recommendations made to Nigeria during the 1st and 2nd cycles that explicitly cover freedom of expression online or digital rights.
The number of recommendations made to Nigeria during the 1st and 2nd cycles that implicitly cover freedom of expression online or digital rights.