UPR SESSION 31

nigeria

Review Date: 6 November 2018

 

Nigeria must guarantee free press and critical opinion online, ensure citizens’ access to information, and uphold privacy and personal data protection.

Pursuant to constitutional guarantees of free speech, Nigeria’s media landscape is diverse, and outlets openly criticise government policies. However, journalists and citizen bloggers find themselves at risk of prosecution under restrictive laws such as the 2015 Cybercrime Act, which has fostered an environment of self-censorship.

Although the 2011 Freedom of Information Act guarantees citizens’ right to information, implementation is patchy. There are wide ranging exemptions to accessible information including those related to“international affairs”and “defence of the country.” Furthermore, authorities do not proactively release information or remain unresponsive to requests, undermining press freedom.

The government of Nigeria supported 86% of the 334 recommendations they received during their 1st and 2nd cycle UPR sessions.

 
 
0

The number of recommendations made to Nigeria during the 1st and 2nd cycles that explicitly cover freedom of expression online or digital rights.

3

The number of recommendations made to Nigeria during the 1st and 2nd cycles that implicitly cover freedom of expression online or digital rights.

 
 
 
 

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Recommendations

 
Repeal Section 24 of the 2015 Cybercrime Act and pass the Digital Rights and Freedom Bill to safeguard free expression for citizens, journalists and civil society organisations online
Respect citizens’ right to data protection and privacy by passing the Data Protection Bill without delay
Ensure implementation of the Freedom of Information Law through proactive disclosure and responsiveness to citizens’ requests, including through online platforms, websites, email and social media
Reverse the Nigerian Communications Commission’s ban on access to certain websites and desist from any form of online content censorship
 
 
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