The 2015 Antiterrorism Law and 2016 Cybercrime Law (pending approval) allow security forces to monitor internet traffic and social media to prevent their use for terrorist purposes.
In 2016 four teenagers were given five years in prison for making a video that mocked Daesh and a Facebook user was prosecuted for writing posts that were ‘insulting’ to President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.
A number of news sites have been blocked and there have been numerous attempts to ban Youtube, Facebook, Twitter and blogging sites. There is also a strong culture of self-censorship, with online journalists reluctant to talk about sensitive topics.
Internet penetration is 36% and mobile penetration is 108%. With the ICT sector a strategic priority for the government, there has been significant investment in infrastructure, and internet penetration is likely to increase.
Recommendations Received, Cycle 2
Amend the Penal Code to implement the guarantees of freedom of thought, of the press and of publication enshrined in the 2014 Constitution
Recommending State: Australia
Take necessary measures to enhance the enjoyment of the freedom of expression
Recommending State: Brazil
Strengthen the freedom of expression and the media so that all journalists can carry out their activities freely and without intimidation and those imprisoned in connection with their work can be released without delay
Recommending State: Czechia
Release and drop charges against all journalists and media workers arrested in the context of performing their duties
Recommending State: Austria