The 2000 Press Law and 2009 Computer Crimes Law provide the government with the means to crackdown on internet use. Internet freedom in Iran is ranked second-to-last on Freedom House’s internet freedom index.
A number of websites remain blocked in the country and there are numerous arrests, monthly, of internet users, often for posting ‘immoral’ content or talking about sensitive topics.
The current implementation of Iran’s National Internet (SHOMA) also poses a large risk to internet users in the country, as it gives the government the potential to filter, block and carry out surveillance on users.
Internet penetration in Iran is currently around 44%, with mobile penetration over 100%. Infrastructure continues to improve in Iran and access is increasing.
Recommendations Received, Cycle 2
Give further account to its measures to ensure public access to the Internet as well as progress being made thereon
Recommending State: Japan
Ensure genuine freedom of expression and information, including on the Internet, by putting an end to the harassment against journalists, bloggers and human rights defenders
Recommending State: France
Guarantee freedom of speech and eliminate restrictions to the free flow of information, including through the Internet, and stop arrests, prosecution and sanction of individuals for expressing views and opinions
Recommending State: Netherlands
End its severe restrictions and surveillance of the Internet, hence guaranteeing free, unrestricted access for all its citizens to Internet and Social Media
Recommending State: Sweden